Statistics for the yr ended September 30, 2017 present an mixture decline of 16% in comparison with the corresponding earlier yr, with four.21 lakh scholar visas handed out in opposition to 5.02 lakh within the year-ago interval, based on knowledge launched by the US Department of State.
For Indian students, the drop is a sharper 27%, with 47,302 visas being allotted in the identical interval as in opposition to 65,257 visas issued within the fiscal ended September 30, 2016 underneath the Obama presidency.
The info underscores the truth that Canada and Australia are rising as various locations to the US. Tightening of H1-B visa insurance policies (H1-B is a well-liked work visa for Indians) and likewise uncertainties regarding optional practical training programs (OPTs) which allow international students to work within the US for just a few years, are attributed to this declining curiosity for larger training within the US, particularly for Indian college students.
In all, three.93 lakh visas (F1 class) had been granted to worldwide college students and 27,435 visas (F2 class) had been granted to their spouses and kids throughout the yr ended September 30, 2017.
A nationality clever breakup of every sub-segment is just not accessible, with the Division of State clubbing visas allotted to numerous nationalities underneath a single ‘F’ class. Nevertheless, Asian college students constituted the majority and collectively, Indians and Chinese language comprised 40% of the full.
Throughout fiscal 2017, 2.86 lakh ‘F’ class of visas had been issued to Asians (practically 68% of complete), which was a decline of practically 20% over the earlier yr. For Indian college students, it was a steep fall with numbers down 27% – solely 47,302 visas had been issued to them (see desk).
Scholar visa approvals had steadily elevated over a number of years within the current previous, and it peaked to greater than 6.50 lakh in 2015 earlier than it started to dip. The year-on-year decline for 2016 as in comparison with 2015 was practically 26%.
Throughout the utility season for work visas final yr, the US Citizenship and Immigration Companies (USCIS) had carried out ‘excessive vetting’ of H1-B functions, particularly the place the wages had been at entry degree. As reported by TOI earlier, the query being requested was – whether or not the appliance was for a job that required specialisation (which is a requirement for the H1-B visa) and in that case, why had been the wages at entry ranges. Thus, it was difficult for firms to rent freshers underneath the H1-B route.
Additional, a case is pending within the US courts as regards the elective sensible coaching program (OPT) that allows worldwide college students to work within the US put up their research for a sure interval. In the direction of the top of February, the US Circuit courtroom (which is the next courtroom) heard the enchantment of the petition in opposition to OPT.
Pew Analysis Heart, a US headquartered assume tank has come down closely on the OPT mechanism. In a report, it factors out that: “Though nominally OPT jobs are non permanent, they will last as long as 29 months. Additional lots of these working within the US underneath the OPT program go on to use for H1-B visas to remain longer within the US.”
“Numerous challenges regarding work visas and a possible change within the OPT mechanism, someday sooner or later, are elements that are prompting Indian college students to discover universities in Canada and even Australia, says an immigration marketing consultant.
Worldwide Scholar Information from the Open Doorways Report (2017) reveals the variety of Indian college students within the US had elevated 12% to face at 1.86 lakh throughout 2016-17. Development within the year-ago interval – 2015-16 – was even larger at 25%. The decline in variety of worldwide college students will influence the US instructional sphere as usually worldwide college students pay way more than US college students.